Facts about South India


Southeast India

Capital: Chennai

Population: 77.88 million

Primary Language: Tamil (also the primary language in Singapore)

State tree: Palm tree

State flower: Gloriosa lily

State animal: Nilgiri tahr

State bird: Emerald dove

State sport: Kabaddi

Home to the venomous King cobra

Has many national parks and bird sanctuaries

Agriculture is the job for half of the working population (rice, millet, peanuts, sugarcane, cotton)



Essentially tropical

Hottest months: May and June -daily temp average high 100 F, low 80 F

Coolest months: December and January -daily temp averages 70 F to 80 F

Rainest months: October through December

Forests cover roughly 15% of the state



Literacy rate: 80.09% (females are 10% lower than males), lower literacy rates in rural India

85% of government schools are in villages

Urban schools get the best infrastructure, facilities, teachers

Rural schools struggle for basic facilities such as toilets


Caste System

Caste: any of the ranked, hereditary, endogamous social groups (often linked with occupation) together constitute traditional societies, upheld by a complex cultural ideology.

Despite discrimination being banned by the constitution of India, the caste system is still strong.

There's some (very little) movement between the middle of the caste system. If you are very poor, you are considered 'untouchable,' and cannot move within the caste system.

Members of the 'scheduled castes' (an official category with groups that traditionally occupy low positions within the caste system) account for 1/5th of the population


Overwhelming majority practice Hinduism (about 88.3%)

The remaining 11.7% are typically Muslim and Christian



There are public and private hospitals and dispensaries

Biggest concerns are Cholera, Malaria, Filariasis, HIV/Aids

Resource: Thebetterindia.com